Peasant Movement In Maharashtra
A major agrarian unrest took place in Poona and Ahmednagar -districts of Maharashtra in 1875. In Maharashtra the british government had directly settled the revenue with the peasants. At the same time ,it increased the rates of revenue so high that it was impossible to pay the revenue and they had no option left other than borrowing the money from the moneylenders who charged high interest rates. More and more land got mortgaged and sold out to the moneylenders who tried their level best to achieve the land at legal and illegal terms. Peasant patience got exhausted by the end of the year1875 and huge agrarian riots took place. Police failed in meeting the fury of peasant`s resistance which was suppressed only when the whole military force at Poona took the field against them. Once again the modern intelligentsia of Maharashtra supported the peasant`s demands. But it pointed out that the source of misery of peasants was high revenue rates and government`s incapabilities to provide loan at cheaper rates.
1980-Farmer Movement In Maharashtra
The Shetkari Sangathana
Formation: Founded in late 1970’s by Sharad Joshi
The main objective of the Sangathana was to reconstitute the village community. Economically, by retaining within it the surplus; socially, by providing an employment generating self-sufficient village community based on artisan production; and Politically, by devolving power from the state to the traditional Panchayats.
Major Demand & outcomes:
Main Focus on the issue of remunerative prices to farmers.Prices of onion were increased by 25-30%.Advance for purchase of sugarcane was also increased.Farmers relieved of debts; prices close to those demanded.
Remunerative prices.Succeeded in getting concessions from the electricity department. A very strong awareness can be seen amongst farmers regarding the prices of their agricultural produce
Grant of easier loans at low rates of interest,abolition of taxes on agricultural implements,etc.
Cause of the most deprived was ignored. Another neglected issue is the one concerning the wage levels in agriculture. Lack of enthusiasm in improving the quality of rural life.
Monopoly purchase of cotton in the state . Sugarcane industry and Levy on sugar. Creating alternatives for marketing agricultural produce. Essential commodities act of 1955. Encouraging novel methods of Jowar utilization .Farmer promoted development companies as an alternative to land acquisition by Government.
CURRENT CHALLENGES TO FARMERS:
Increasing Input cost. No corresponding increase in Output price.Threat posed by WTO.Abolition of quota system on Export / Import.